How the Liver Works

The liver is one of the largest and most complex organs in the body, it has many important functions which include: 

  • Filtration of blood, which helps fight infections.
  • Production of bile salts, which break down and absorb fat and fat soluble vitamins from food.
  • Carbohydrate metabolism; the breakdown of sugars from food so that the body can use it as energy.
  • Protein synthesis, to keep fluid from leaking out of blood vessels and help blood clot normally.
  • Making blood clotting factors.
  • Break down and rid drugs from the body.
  • Storage of key vitamins, sugars and minerals.

Damage to liver cells will cause inflammation and continued inflammation will lead to irreversible scarring of the liver cells, known as cirrhosis. Learn more with these animations developed by CLDF.